J-STAGE Home  >  Publications - Top  > Bibliographic Information

Circulation Journal
Vol. 66 (2002) No. 10 p. 913-916

Language:

http://doi.org/10.1253/circj.66.913

Clinical Investigation

To investigate the effects of atrial fibrillation (AF) on the mitral and tricuspid valves, the corresponding annular dilatation and valvular regurgitation were compared with 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography in 31 consecutive patients with lone AF and 28 normal controls. Mid-systolic mitral and tricuspid annular areas were measured from 2 diameters in 2 orthogonal apical echocardiograms. Percent (%) mitral regurgitant (MR) or tricuspid regurgitant (TR) jet area to the left or right atrial area was evaluated and % MR or TR jet area >20% was considered moderate or significant. Both the mitral and tricuspid annular areas in patients with lone AF were significantly larger compared with the controls (mitral: 9.5 ±1.2 vs 6.6±0.9 cm2, lone AF vs control, p<0.01) (tricuspid: 12.0±2.0 vs 7.5±0.9 cm2, p<0.01). The % increase in the annular area relative to the mean normal value was significantly greater in the tricuspid valve (44±18 vs 60±28%, p<0.01). Moderate or severe MR was not observed and the incidence of moderate or severe valve regurgitation (% jet area >20%) was significantly higher in the tricuspid valve (0/31 vs 11/31, MR vs TR, p<0.01) in patients with lone AF. The % TR jet area showed significant correlation with tricuspid annular area (r2 = 0.65, p<0.001). Lone AF is associated with annular dilatation of both mitral and tricuspid valves, but the annular dilatation and valvular regurgitation are significantly greater in the tricuspid valve. (Circ J 2002; 66: 913 - 916)

Copyright © 2002 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

Article Tools

Share this Article