Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Effects of Phase III Cardiac Rehabilitation Programs on Health-Related Quality of Life in Elderly Patients With Coronary Artery Disease
Juntendo Cardiac Rehabilitation Program (J-CARP)
Eriko SekiYoshiro WatanabeSatoshi SunayamaYoshitaka IwamaKazunori ShimadaKazunobu KawakamiMizue SatoHiroyuki SatoHiroshi MokunoHiroyuki Daida
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2003 Volume 67 Issue 1 Pages 73-77

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Abstract

The purpose of this prospective randomized controlled trial was to assess the impact of phase III comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CR) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in elderly patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Thirty-eight elderly males (mean age, 70 years) with CAD were stratified as the intervention group (n=20) and the control group (n=18). In the intervention group, patients participated in CR for 6 months, whereas in the control group, they received standard care. Validated questionnaires were obtained to evaluate HRQOL using the Medical Outcome Study Short-Form 36 Health Status Survey (SF-36), State-trait anxiety inventory questionnaire (STAI) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) at baseline and after 6 months. At baseline, scores of SF-36 except for general health, STAI and SDS were not different in either group. After 6 months, in the intervention group, scores of bodily pain, general health, vitality and mental health of SF-36 improved significantly compared with baseline. State anxiety scores also improved significantly (p<0.01), but SDS depression scores were not improved. In the control group, none of the parameters significantly changed. These results indicate that elderly patients with CAD should be vigorously encouraged to pursue CR even in chronic phase III. (Circ J 2003; 67: 73 - 77)

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© 2003 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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