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Circulation Journal
Vol. 69 (2005) No. 10 p. 1157-1162



Clinical Investigation

Background Although there is a close connection between emergency medical services (EMS) system and the outcome of out-of-hospital ventricular fibrillation (VF), few data are available regarding the situation in Japan. Methods and Results A prospective multicenter study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was conducted according to the Utstein guidelines. A total of 4,383 patients who were given cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by EMS personnel for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest were enrolled. The proportion of VF or pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VT) as the first cardiac rhythm after cardiac arrest was 16.2% with a mean call-to-initial-recorded-electrocardiogram (ECG) interval of 11.1 min. In a subgroup of patients with witnessed collapse, the predicted incidence of VF or pulseless VT was 62.7% at the time of cardiac arrest, and the decline accelerated with every minute that the collapse-to-initial ECG interval was delayed. Multivariate analysis showed that the odds ratio for VF or pulseless VT after collapse-to-initial ECG interval was 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.89-0.94, p<0.001), and 1.54 (95%CI, 1.24-1.97, p<0.001) after bystander CPR. Conclusions In Japan, VF occurred in 63% of cases at the time of cardiac arrest and the performance of bystander CPR appeared to prolong VF. (Circ J 2005; 69: 1157 - 1162)


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