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Circulation Journal
Vol. 69 (2005) No. 2 p. 159-164

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http://doi.org/10.1253/circj.69.159

Clinical Investigation

Background Platelet activation and aggregation with resultant arterial thrombus formation play a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In the present study the efficacy of tirofiban, a specific inhibitor of the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor, combined with heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin (dalteparin), was evaluated for the management of ACS. Methods and Results One hundred and sixty patients (60.9±11.1 years, 104 male) with unstable angina or non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and who had ST-T changes and elevated troponin were randomly assigned to 4 groups: group I (n=40: heparin alone), group II (n=40: dalteparin alone), group III (n=40: tirofiban + heparin) and group IV (n=40: tirofiban + dalteparin). The occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) was compared prospectively during a 6-month clinical follow-up. Percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass graft was performed in 32 cases in group I, 29 in group II, 28 in group III and 31 in group IV (p=0.72). Minor bleeding complication developed in 2 patients (5.0%) in group I, 2 (5.0%) in group II, 4 (10.0%) in group III and 3 (7.5%) in group IV (p=0.78). During the follow-up MACE occurred in 10 patients (31.3%) in group I, 9 (31.0%) in group II, 4 (14.3%) in group III and 4 (12.9%) in group IV (p=0.02: Group I and II vs Group III and IV). Conclusions Tirofiban combined with dalteparin was associated with relatively more bleeding complications in the short term, but was effective in reducing the incidence of MACE during long-term clinical follow-up in patients with ACS. (Circ J 2005; 69: 159 - 164)

Copyright © 2005 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

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