Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Case Report
Two Adults Requiring Implantable Defibrillators Because of Ventricular Tachycardia and Left Ventricular Dysfunction Caused by Presumed Kawasaki Disease
Syusuke YagiEtsuko TsudaWataru ShimizuTakashi KuritaOsamu SeguchiHiroshi NonogiShiro Kamakura
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2005 Volume 69 Issue 7 Pages 870-874

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Abstract

There is an adult patient population in Japan with undiagnosed coronary artery lesions caused by Kawasaki disease (KD) occurring before 1967, the time at which KD was first described. Two adult patients presented with a low left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction and ventricular tachycardia (VT) caused by presumed KD. A 43-year-old man with rapid VT had a history of an acute febrile illness with desquamation of the fingertips at the age of 10 months. Coronary angiography (CAG) showed segmental stenosis of the right coronary artery (RCA) and occlusion of the left anterior descending artery with a giant aneurysm. The other patient was a 48-year-old man with a history of ischemic cardiomyopathy diagnosed after a previous myocardial infarction when he was 32 years old. He had segmental stenosis of the RCA on CAG. Non-sustained VT with transient unconsciousness was observed during 24-h Holter electrocardiography. Rapid VT with syncope was induced in both patients in the electrophysiologic studies and an implantable defibrillator was required to prevent sudden death. Physicians must be aware that VT can occur in older patients with LV dysfunction many years after KD. (Circ J 2005; 69: 870 - 874)

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© 2005 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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