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Circulation Journal
Vol. 69 (2005) No. 9 p. 1124-1131

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http://doi.org/10.1253/circj.69.1124

Experimental Investigation

Background The aims of the present study were to assess the effect of the stent diameter, convolution kernel, and vessel orientation to the z-axis on the evaluation of coronary stents, in vitro with computed tomography (CT) angiography. Methods and Results Seven vascular models (2 models without stenosis, 2 with obstruction, and 3 with stenosis) with an approximate inner diameter of 3 or 4 mm, filled with contrast material (79 or 330 HU) were scanned with a 16-detector CT. The diameter measurement of the stent lumen and stenosis evaluation were both done in an orientation parallel to the z-axis of the scanner using 4 convolution kernels. The measured diameters of the stented lumen were 47-57% and 36-45% smaller than the actual inner diameter of the 3- and 4-mm diameter models, respectively. The diameter measurement of the stent lumen and visualization of the in-stent stenosis were improved by using convolution kernels with higher spatial resolution. The in-stent artifacts were evaluated in 4 orientations (0°, 30°, 60°, 90°) to the z-axis. The artifact was the minimum in 0° to the z-axis, and the maximum in 90°. Conclusion Visualization of the lumen of a stent by CT is affected by its diameter, convolution kernel, and vessel orientation to the z-axis, and these factors should be taken into consideration in the stent evaluation. (Circ J 2005; 69: 1124 - 1131)

Copyright © 2005 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

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