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Circulation Journal
Vol. 70 (2006) No. 11 p. 1398-1401



Clinical Investigation

Background Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common arrhythmia in patients with an implanted pacemaker, but the role of atrial pacing in preventing AF is still unclear. Methods and Results Sixty-six patients (67.8±12.1 years) were enrolled: 54 with sick sinus syndrome (SSS), 11 with atrioventricular blocks (AVB), and 1 with SSS and AVB. The prevalence of AF was investigated. In 22 patients with AF, the AF burden was estimated under "back-up pacing" (40-50 beats/min), then under "atrial pacing" (60-85 beats/min). The prevalence of AF in the SSS group tended to be higher than that in the AVB group (48.1% vs 18.2%, p=0.06). The AF burden in patients with a percentage of atrial pacing (% atrial pacing) <50% was significantly greater than that in patients with % atrial pacing ≥50% (12.5±21.1% vs 4.2±10.3%, p<0.05). AF disappeared immediately after "atrial pacing" in 4 patients (18.2%). In 9 patients (40.9%), the AF burden decreased gradually, and AF disappeared in 6 patients (27.3%) after 207.9±130.2 days. Conclusion The prevalence of AF may be higher in patients with SSS than in those with AVB. Atrial pacing has a preventive effect on AF, and the effect of atrial pacing is not always immediate but is progressive in some patients. (Circ J 2006; 70: 1398 - 1401)


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