Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Efficacy of Low-Dose Continuous Infusion of α-Human Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (hANP) During Cardiac Surgery
Possibility of Postoperative Left Ventricular Remodeling Effect
Akira SezaiMitsumasa HataShinji WakuiMotomi ShionoNanao NegishiYuji KasamakiSatoshi SaitoJitsu KatoKazutomo Minami
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2006 Volume 70 Issue 11 Pages 1426-1431

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Abstract

Background The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of α-human atrial natriuretic peptide (hANP) in cardiac surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Methods and Results A prospective randomized study was conducted with 150 patients who underwent scheduled coronary artery bypass grafting to compare a group of patients receiving 0.02 μg · kg-1 · min-1 of hANP from the initiation of CPB with a group not receiving hANP. Hemodynamics, levels of atrial and brain natriuretic peptides (BNP), angiotensin-II and aldosterone, renin activity, and left ventricular (LV) function were examined. The hANP group showed significantly lower renin activity and lower levels of angiotensin-II and aldosterone during the early postoperative period, compared with the non-hANP group. The incidence of postoperative ventricular arrhythmia and the postoperative peak level of creatine kinase-MB were significantly lower in the hANP group. BNP at 1 month after surgery and measures of LV function were also significantly lower in the hANP group. Conclusions Low-dose continuous infusion of hANP during cardiac surgery not only had a compensatory effect for the imperfections of CPB during the early postoperative period but also an inhibitory effect on postoperative LV remodeling and a reduction in ischemia/reperfusion injury. hANP should be part of the postoperative care for cardiac surgery. (Circ J 2006; 70: 1426 - 1431)

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© 2006 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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