Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
The Simultaneous Assessment of Aortic Valve Area and Coronary Artery Stenosis Using 16-Slice Multidetector-Row Computed Tomography in Patients With Aortic StenosisComparison With Echocardiography
Hidemasa TanakaKenei ShimadaKen YoshidaSatoshi JisshoJunichi YoshikawaMinoru Yoshiyama
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Volume 71 (2007) Issue 10 Pages 1593-1598

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Background Recent advancements in 16-slice multidetector-row computed tomography (16-slice MDCT) provide for non-invasive assessment of not only coronary artery disease (CAD), but also myocardial properties and the anatomy of the whole heart. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the aortic valve area (AVA) in patients with aortic stenosis (AS) assessed by 16-slice MDCT corresponds to echocardiographic assessment and to evaluate simultaneously the clinical accuracy in detecting CAD with 16-slice MDCT. Methods and Results The AVA of 29 consecutive AS patients with transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and 16-slice MDCT were analyzed. The AVA was estimated by means of the continuity equation method in 2-dimensional echocardiography (DE) and the quantitative planimetric method after multi-planar reformation in 16-slice MDCT. Concomitantly, the severity of the coronary artery stenosis was assessed by 16-slice MDCT. In the present study, the AVA assessed by TTE and 16-slice MDCT was 1.34±0.32 cm2 and 1.38±0.32 cm2, respectively. Regression analysis showed that the AVA in patients with AS determined by 16-slice MDCT correlated well with those determined by 2-DE (r=0.96, p<0.001). Significant coronary artery stenosis of more than 50% diameter reduction was present in 48% of the study population. Conclusions In patients with AS, the analysis of the severity of the AVA by 16-slice MDCT provides a feasible and accurate estimation with the concomitant evaluation of CAD. (Circ J 2007; 71: 1593 - 1598)

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