Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Clinical Investigation
Intracoronary Transplantation of Non-Expanded Peripheral Blood-Derived Mononuclear Cells Promotes Improvement of Cardiac Function in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction
Tetsuya TatsumiEishi AshiharaToshihide YasuiShinsaku MatsunagaAtsumichi KidoYuji SasadaSatoshi NishikawaMitsuyoshi HadaseMasahiro KoideReo NakamuraHidekazu IrieKazuki ItoAkihiro MatsuiHiroyuki MatsuiMaki KatamuraShigehiro KusuokaSatoaki MatobaSatoshi OkayamaManabu HoriiShiro UemuraChihiro ShimazakiHajime TsujiYoshihiko SaitoHiroaki Matsubara
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2007 Volume 71 Issue 8 Pages 1199-1207

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Abstract

Background Transplantation of non-expanded peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs) enhances neovessel formation in ischemic myocardium and limbs by releasing angiogenic factors. This study was designed to examine whether intracoronary transplantation of PBMNCs improves cardiac function after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Methods and Results After successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for a ST-elevation AMI with occlusion of proximal left anterior descending coronary artery within 24 h, patients were assigned to either a control group or the PBMNC group that received intracoronary infusion of PBMNCs within 5 days after PCI. PBMNCs were obtained from patients by COBE spectra-apheresis and concentrated to 10 ml, 3.3 ml of which was infused via over-the-wire catheter. The primary endpoint was the global left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) change from baseline to 6 months' follow-up. The data showed that the absolute increase in LVEF was 7.4% in the control group and 13.4% (p=0.037 vs control) in the PBMNC group. Cell therapy resulted in a greater tendency of ΔRegional ejection fraction (EF) or significant improvement in the wall motion score index and Tc-99m-tetrofosmin perfusion defect score associated with the infarct area, compared with controls. Moreover, intracoronary administration of PBMNCs did not exacerbate either left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic and end-systolic volume expansion or high-risk arrhythmia, without any adverse clinical events. Conclusion Intracoronary infusion of non-expanded PBMNCs promotes improvement of LV systolic function. This less invasive and more feasible approach to collecting endothelial progenitor cells may provide a novel therapeutic option for improving cardiac function after AMI. (Circ J 2007; 71: 1199 - 1207)

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© 2007 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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