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Circulation Journal
Vol. 72 (2008) No. 11 p. 1885-1893

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http://doi.org/10.1253/circj.CJ-07-1037

Experimental Investigation

Background Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) affects injured arteries through early endothelialization. Some reports, however, have cautioned that the restenosis rate may increase after G-CSF injection. In the present study, high-dose G-CSF was administered to mice with vascular injury to clarify its effect. Methods and Results Mice were received daily subcutaneous injections of saline or a high dose (300 μg/kg) of G-CSF for 5 days after vascular injury. In the FACS analysis, CD34-/Sca-1-positive progenitor cells were more abundant in the G-CSF group (p<0.05). Neointimal hyperplasia was more evident in the G-CSF group at 1 week (p<0.05), whereas at 4 weeks it was more evident in the control group (p<0.01). TUNEL-positive cells in the arterial wall were more numerous in the G-CSF group at day 1 (p<0.01). CD34-positive cells were observed in the G-CSF group at 1 week. Re-endothelialization appeared earlier in the G-CSF group (at 4 weeks; p<0.01). An increased number of 1A4-positive smooth muscle cells were found in bone marrow cell culture treated with G-CSF. Conclusion High-dose G-CSF induced neointimal proliferation through excessive inflammation and bone marrow cell mobilization in the early phase. In the late phase, however, it induced early re-endothelialization and thereby inhibited neointimal hyperplasia. (Circ J 2008; 72: 1885 - 1893)

Copyright © 2008 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

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