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Circulation Journal
Vol. 72 (2008) No. 5 p. 729-733

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http://doi.org/10.1253/circj.72.729

Clinical Investigation

Background Restenosis after percutaneous coronary angioplasty remains an important limitation of this procedure. This study evaluates the association between plasma pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) levels and restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Methods and Results Blood samples were collected from all patients at baseline, and their levels of PAPP-A, inflammation (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP)) and platelet activation (soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L)) were determined. Those patients whose PCI was successful underwent a repeat angiography at a median of 6.4 months (interquartile range 6-9.8 months). Their baseline and follow-up angiograms were compared by quantitative coronary angiography to assess the incidence of restenosis. Endpoints were restenosis (≥50%) and a composite of major adverse cardiac events. Of the 184 patients, 162 patients underwent an angiographic follow up at 6 months. Patients with restenosis had significantly higher PAPP-A levels than those without (19.24±2.56 vs 11.95±2.32 mIu/L; p<0.001). The PAPP-A levels were significantly correlated to follow up diameter stenosis (r=0.54, p=0.01). Late lumen loss at follow-up was significantly smaller when PAPP-A levels were <12.51 mIu/L (0.55±0.61 vs 0.90±0.57 mm; p<0.001). The rates for restenosis (28.4 vs 50.6%; p<0.001) and major advent cardiac events (15.6 vs 51.1%, p<0.001) were significantly lower in patients with PAPP-A levels <12.51 mIu/L. Univariate analysis revealed that PAPP-A (p<0.001), hsCRP (p=0.009) and sCD40L (p=0.03) were significantly related to restenosis. However, only PAPP-A could predict restenosis (odds ratio 0.95; 95% confidence interval 0.84-1.13; p=0.02) in multivariate analysis. Conclusions The PAPP-A level is a strong independent predictor of restenosis in patients who have undergone coronary angioplasty. (Circ J 2008; 72: 729 - 733)

Copyright © 2008 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

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