Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Vascular Medicine
Influence of Systolic Blood Pressure and Cigarette Smoking on Endothelial Function in Young Healthy People
Kunio YufuNaohiko TakahashiNorihiro OkadaTetsuji ShinoharaMasahide HaraTetsunori SaikawaHironobu Yoshimatsu
ジャーナル フリー

2009 年 73 巻 1 号 p. 174-178


Background Flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery represents systemic endothelial function, so the relationship between FMD and blood pressure (BP) profile, in relation to the effects of cigarette smoking, was investigated in young healthy subjects. Methods and Results The 62 healthy subjects (14 females, 48 males; mean 29.7±5.5 years old), were divided into a smoking group (n=30) and non-smoking group (n=32). FMD was induced by reactive hyperemia. It was lower in the smoking group than in the non-smoking group (P<0.05). In the non-smoking group, there was an inverse correlation (r=-0.59, P<0.0005) between FMD and systolic BP (SBP), which was not recognized in the smoking group. Multiple stepwise regression analysis revealed that FMD was predicted by either the SBP or the brachial artery diameter in the non-smoking group, whereas it was predicted by the brachial artery diameter in the smoking group. Subdivision by cut-off value of SBP =120 mmHg demonstrated that although FMD with SBP <120 mmHg was preserved in subjects in the non-smoking group, it was depressed to a level comparable with SBP ≥120 mmHg in the smoking group. Conclusions Highly-preserved FMD in subjects with SBP <120 mmHg appears to be impaired by cigarette smoking, resulting in a loss of association between FMD and SBP. (Circ J 2009; 73: 174 - 178)

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