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Circulation Journal
Vol. 73 (2009) No. 6 p. 1119-1126



Molecular Cardiology

Background: Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified genes or loci affecting lipid levels. Given the difference in allele frequencies and linkage disequilibrium patterns across the populations, a GWAS was conducted using the Illumina 550K in a Japanese population (n=900) in search of population-specific genetic variations associated with high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol. Methods and Results: Among the 368,274 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with a minor allele frequency of at least 0.1, 43 SNPs exceeded the arbitrary threshold of -log10P >4.0. The most significant SNP was rs3764261, located 5'upstream of CETP, exhibiting a -log10P value of 6.17. Increasing the sample size by genotyping in the additional Suita sample (n=1,810) further improved the level of significance, with each additional copy of the minor allele being associated with an increase in HDL-cholesterol by 6.2 mg/dl (P =3.4×10-12). Interestingly, the minor allele was more prevalent in cases with myocardial infarction than in controls (0.221 vs 0.196, nominal P=0.02). Conclusions: The association between genetic variants at CETP and HDL-cholesterol was replicated in our sample. None of the genetic variants exerted a greater influence on HDL levels than those at CETP. Associations for the top-ranked SNPs need to be tested for further replication in an independent sample. (Circ J 2009; 73: 1119-1126)


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