Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Combined Assessment of Myocardial Perfusion and Function by ECG-Gated Myocardial Perfusion Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography for the Prediction of Future Cardiac Events in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Masahiko KatoNaoya MatsumotoYoshimochi NakanoYasuyuki SuzukiShunichi YodaYuichi SatoShu KasamaKen NagaoAtsushi Hirayama
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2011 Volume 75 Issue 2 Pages 376-382


Background: The mid-term prognostic significance of ECG-gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) remains unclear in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). In the present study rates of future cardiac events (nonfatal acute myocardial infarction (AMI), cardiac death (CD) and severe heart failure (HF) requiring hospitalization) were compared in patients with and without DM. Methods and Results: 1,810 patients (563 DM and 1,247 non-DM) we followed for a mean of 26.3±15.5 months. Summed stress score (SSS), summed difference score (SDS), poststress ejection fraction (EF) and resting end-diastolic volume (EDV) were calculated. In total, 20 cases of AMI (9 in DM (1.59%) and 11 in non-DM (0.88%)), 20 of CD (7 in DM patients (1.24%) and 13 in non-DM (1.04%)) and 54 of severe HF (31 in DM (5.5%) and 23 in non-DM (1.84%)) occurred. Univariate Cox analysis showed that, in DM patients, predictors of total cardiac events were poststress EF (Wald 60.4; P<0.001), resting EDV (Wald 53.8; P<0.001), SSS (Wald 39.6; P<0.001), SDS (Wald 26.1; P<0.001), history of prior MI (Wald 4.32; P<0.05) and hemoglobin A1c value (Wald 4.30; P<0.05). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that poststress EF (Wald 9.85; P<0.01) and SDS (Wald 6.19; P<0.01) were independent predictors of total cardiac events. Conclusions: Combined assessment of perfusion and function by ECG-gated SPECT may predict future cardiac events in type 2 DM patients. (Circ J 2011; 75: 376-382)

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