Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Arrhythmia/Electrophysiology
Cost Effectiveness of Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation vs. Medical Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation in Japan
– Cost Performance for Atrial Fibrillation –
Mahito NoroShingo KujimeNaoshi ItoYoshinari EnomotoKeijirou NakamuraTsuyoshi SakaiTakao SakataKaoru Sugi
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Volume 75 (2011) Issue 8 Pages 1860-1866

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Abstract

Background: Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RF) has recently become widely available for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) and has broadened treatment options while confusing the selection of medication therapy or RF. Methods and Results: Two drugs for the maintenance of sinus rhythm (Ry) and 2 drugs for control of the pulse rate (Ra) were selected and the costs of medication therapy were calculated. RF procedures were grouped into 2 groups each for persistent or paroxysmal AF (RF) and for chronic AF (RFChr), according to the cost of the devices used. The calculated cost of medication therapy was 5,270-23,560 yen per month. The calculated cost of RF procedures was 1,063,200-2,029,640 yen. The costs of RF corresponded to those of Ry for 3.8-14.3 years. The costs of RFChr corresponded to those of Ra for 16.6-63.9 years. The treatment of complications ranged from 360,000 to 1,241,500 yen. Conclusions: From the aspect of medical costs and complications, RF should be considered for the treatment of patients with AF detected early or early-stage AF, whereas treatment for its complications should be given priority in patients with chronic AF associated with reduced cardiac function. (Circ J 2011; 75: 1860-1866)

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© 2011 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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