Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Imaging
Evaluation of Prosthetic Valve Obstruction on Electrocardiographically Gated Multidetector-Row Computed Tomography
– Identification of Subprosthetic Pannus in the Aortic Position –
Tomohiro UedaHideki TeshimaShuji FukunagaShigeaki AoyagiHiroyuki Tanaka
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2013 Volume 77 Issue 2 Pages 418-423

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Abstract

Background: This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic role of electrocardiographically gated multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) for prosthetic valve obstruction (PVO) in the aortic position. Methods and Results: Between 2002 and 2006, 9 patients were diagnosed with PVO of an aortic bileaflet mechanical valve based on echocardiographic and cineradiographic criteria. These 9 patients were examined using MDCT before replacement of the mechanical valve, and intraoperative findings were compared to morphologic periprosthetic abnormalities observed on MDCT. CT attenuation (Hounsfield units; HU) of the periprosthetic abnormalities was measured to investigate the underlying cause of the PVO. MDCT showed subprosthetic masses extending beyond the prosthetic ring into the orifice of the valve. At reoperation, presence of subprosthetic pannus was confirmed in all of the 9 patients, but no periprosthetic thrombus was found. The mean CT attenuation of the subprosthetic pannus was 170 HU, and it was significantly greater than that obtained from the interventricular septum (108 HU; P<0.0001). Conclusions: MDCT can be used to clearly visualize subprosthetic pannus causing PVO and the mean CT attenuation of subprosthetic pannus is significantly higher than that of the interventricular septum on MDCT.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 418–423)

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© 2013 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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