Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
ISSN-L : 1346-9843
Preprocedural Therapeutic International Normalized Ratio Influence on Bleeding Complications in Atrial Fibrillation Ablation With Continued Anticoagulation With Warfarin
Tatsuya HayashiKoji KumagaiShigeto NaitoKoji GotoKenichi KasenoShigeru OhshimaHitoshi HachiyaKenzo HiraoMitsuaki Isobe
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2013 Volume 77 Issue 2 Pages 338-344


Background: Safety of atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation in conditions of periprocedural therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) in combination with heparin is still uncertain, and little is known about the pre-procedural therapeutic INR influence on bleeding complications (BC) in this method. Methods and Results: The subjects were 150 consecutive patients who underwent catheter ablation for AF with therapeutic INR. The patients were classified into 2 groups, BC (Group BC) and no BC (Group No BC), by whether they did or did not have BC, respectively. Differences in various parameters, including pre- and post-procedural prothrombin time-INR and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), were compared between the 2 groups. None of the patients experienced stroke or transient ischemic attack. In the 22 patients (15%) who had BC (Group BC), 3 patients had major and 19 patients had minor BC. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in pre-procedural INR, APTT, and amount of heparin administered during the procedure. However, post-procedural INR and APTT were significantly prolonged in Group BC (2.5±0.5 vs. 2.2±0.5, P=0.016, 65±45 vs. 44±11, P<0.0001 respectively). Multivariable analysis showed that post-procedural APTT was the only independent bleeding risk factor (P=0.022). Conclusions: AF ablation with peri-procedural therapeutic INR in combination with heparin seems to be safe. Presence or absence of BC are not related to the pre-procedural INR level, but to post-procedural APTT.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 338–344)

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