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Circulation Journal
Vol. 77 (2013) No. 8 2079-2087




Background: Among patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) is a cardiac protective factor. In contrast, body mass index (BMI) is inversely related to mortality, and this is known as the obesity-mortality paradox. The relationship of HDL-C and BMI to mortality, however, has not been clarified well. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of HDL-C and BMI on mortality among CAD patients. Methods and Results: A cohort of 1,114 angiographic CAD patients from the ET-CHD registry during 1997–2003 in Taiwan was studied. The subjects were categorized into 4 groups according to BMI ≥25kg/m2 (overweight/obese) or BMI <25kg/m2 (normal/underweight), and HDL-C higher or lower than the median of 40mg/dl in men and 45mg/dl in women. At a mean follow-up of 5.3 years, cardiac and all-cause death were the primary endpoints. On multivariate analysis, low HDL-C predicted higher cardiac and all-cause mortality in normal/underweight patients (hazard ratio [HR], 1.59; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08–2.33; and 1.65, 95% CI: 1.25–2.19, respectively). In contrast, high BMI predicted lower cardiac and all-cause mortality in patients with low HDL-C (HR, 0.78; 95% CI: 0.54–1.14; and 0.66, 95% CI: 0.49–0.88, respectively). Conclusions: Among CAD patients in Taiwan, those with low HDL-C and normal/underweight had higher risk of mortality.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 2079–2087)


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