2017 Volume 81 Issue 6 Pages 879-887
Background:Maintaining cerebral oxygen delivery and metabolism during cardiac arrest (CA) through resuscitation is essential to improve the survival rate while avoiding brain injury. The effect of CA and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on cerebral and muscle oxygen delivery and metabolism is not clearly quantified.
Methods and Results:A novel hyperspectral near-infrared spectroscopy (hNIRS) technique was developed and evaluated to measure cerebral oxygen delivery and aerobic metabolism during ventricular fibrillation (VF) CA and CPR in 14 pigs. The hNIRS parameters were measured simultaneously on the dura and skull to investigate the validity of non-invasive hNIRS measurements. In addition, we compared the hNIRS data collected simultaneously on the brain and muscle. Following VF induction, oxygenated hemoglobin (HbO2) declined with a 9.9 s delay and then cytochrome-c-oxidase (Cyt-ox) decreased on average 4.4 s later (P<0.05). CPR improved cerebral metabolism, which was reflected by an average 0.4 μmol/L increase in Cyt-ox, but had no significant effect on HbO2, deoxygenated hemoglobin (HHb) and tissue oxygen saturation (tSO2). Cyt-ox had greater correlation with HHb than HbO2. Muscle metabolism during VF and CPR was significantly different from that of the brain. The total hemoglobin concentration (in the brain only) increased after ~200 s of untreated CA, which is most likely driven by cerebral autoregulation through vasodilation.
Conclusions:Overall, hNIRS showed consistent measurements of hemodynamics and metabolism during CA and CPR.