Circulation Journal
Online ISSN : 1347-4820
Print ISSN : 1346-9843
Arrhythmia/Electrophysiology
Prolonged Right Ventricular Ejection Delay in Brugada Syndrome Depends on the Type of SCN5A Variant ― Electromechanical Coupling Through Tissue Velocity Imaging as a Bridge Between Genotyping and Phenotyping ―
Sophie C.H. Van MalderenDorien DaneelsDirk KerkhoveUschi PeetersDominic A.M.J. TheunsSteven DroogmansGuy Van CampCaroline WeytjensMartine BiervlietMaryse BonduelleSonia Van DoorenPedro Brugada
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2018 Volume 82 Issue 1 Pages 53-61

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Abstract

Background:Patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and a history of syncope or sustained ventricular arrhythmia have longer right ventricular ejection delays (RVEDs) than asymptomatic BrS patients. Different types ofSCN5Avariants leading to different reductions in sodium current (INa) may have different effects on conduction delay, and consequently on electromechanical coupling (i.e., RVED). Thus, we investigated the genotype-phenotype relationship by measuring RVED to establish whether BrS patients carrying more severeSCN5Avariants leading to premature protein truncation (T) and presumably 100%INareduction have a longer RVED than patients carrying missense variants (M) with different degrees ofINareduction.

Methods and Results:There were 34 BrS patients (mean [±SD] age 43.3±12.9 years; 52.9% male) carrying anSCN5Avariant and 66 non-carriers in this cross-sectional study. Patients carrying aSCN5Avariant were divided into T-carriers (n=13) and M-carriers (n=21). Using tissue velocity imaging, RVED and left ventricular ejection delay (LVED) were measured as the time from QRS onset to the onset of the systolic ejection wave at the end of the isovolumetric contraction. T-carriers had longer RVEDs than M-carriers (139.3±15.1 vs. 124.8±11.9 ms, respectively; P=0.008) and non-carriers (127.7±17.3 ms, P=0.027). There were no differences in LVED among groups.

Conclusions:Using the simple, non-invasive echocardiographic parameter RVED revealed a more pronounced ‘electromechanical’ delay in BrS patients carrying T variants ofSCN5A.

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© 2018 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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