2018 Volume 82 Issue 7 Pages 1852-1857
Background:The Hyogo Prefectural Government has been enforcing a smoking ban ordinance since April 2013. The present survey was conducted to determine the extent to which the smoking ban has been successfully implemented in eating establishments in Kobe City and Amagasaki City.
Methods and Results:The Health and Welfare Department of the Hyogo Prefectural Government provided a list of eating establishments in Kobe and Amagasaki City. From these, we chose 1,300 from each city using random number generation. Responses were obtained from 310 establishments in Kobe City (response rate: 23.8%) and 297 in Amagasaki City (22.8%). Overall, 58.1% of the establishments surveyed in Kobe City were aware of the ordinance, a recognition rate significantly higher than that of Amagasaki City, where only 45.5% of eateries were aware of the ordinance (P=0.003). Of the Kobe City eateries, 31.7% had succeeded in implementing a complete ban on smoking. In Amagasaki City, the rate was significantly lower, at just 13.4% (P<0.001). A logistic regression analysis showed that coffee shops, Japanese-style taverns, bars, and eating establishments that served alcohol were the independent significant predictors of low compliance. Kobe City restaurants, women, and families were the independent significant predictors of high compliance with the complete smoking ban.
Conclusions:The rates of recognition and implementation of the complete smoking ban were significantly lower in Amagasaki City than in Kobe City. There needs to be a strong and continuous socialization campaign to promote the ordinance.