2018 Volume 82 Issue 9 Pages 2364-2371
Background: To determine the type and frequency of vascular and organ malformations in adults with thalidomide embryopathy (TE) using non-contrast magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and to assess the effect of the observed malformations on renal function.
Methods and Results: The institutional ethics committee approved this prospective study and written informed consent was given by all 78 subjects (50 females) with TE (mean age: 55±1.1 years), who were examined by non-contrast MRA at 3T. ECG-triggered balanced turbo field echo images of the chest, abdomen and pelvis were obtained in coronal and sagittal orientations. Two observers assessed the frequency of vascular and organ malformations. Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were obtained to assess renal function. In 58 subjects, 99 vascular anomalies were observed, including 68 arterial (69%) and 31 venous anomalies (31%); 15 patients had 16 abdominal organ malformations including 12 kidney anomalies and 4 cases of gallbladder agenesis. Most vascular anomalies affected the renal vessels (n=66, 67%) or supraaortic arteries (n=28, 28%). Serum creatinine and eGFR revealed normal renal function in all subjects.
Conclusions: Vascular and organ anomalies occurred in a high number of subjects with TE without evidence of renal dysfunction. Information about the presence of malformations may be important for future surgical interventions in subjects with TE.