2019 Volume 83 Issue 2 Pages 320-326
Background: Inflammation and platelet activation have been shown to be involved in acute thromobogenicity following venous occlusive conditions. The aim of this study was to identify the association of baseline platelet count and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with venous stent failure.
Methods and Results: Patients who underwent technically successful iliocaval venous stent placement with available baseline complete blood count and follow-up stent patency data were selected (n=50). Stent failure was defined as >50% stenosis or occlusion at follow-up angiography, contrast-enhanced CT, MRI or duplex US. Median patient age was 49.5 years (range, 13–76 years), and 62% were female. Median follow-up time was 10.2 months (range, 0.1–76.4 months). Stent failure occurred in 13 patients (26%) after a median of 1.2 months (range, 1 day–76.4 months). On multivariable-adjusted Cox modeling, baseline platelets (HR, 2.28; P=0.004) and WBC count (HR, 2.03; P=0.013) were significantly associated with stent failure on follow-up; neutrophils (HR, 16.10; P=0.050); and NLR (HR, 12.19; P=0.050) had borderline significance. Compared with patients without stent failure, those with early, but not late, stent failure had higher baseline platelets (P=0.031) and neutrophils (P=0.025), and NLR (P=0.026).
Conclusions: Baseline platelet count and NLR are associated with early but not late failure of iliocaval venous stents. This suggests different pathophysiologic mechanisms and a role for both platelet activation and inflammatory mechanisms in early rather than late stent thrombosis. Future research is needed to better explain this novel finding.