1985 Volume 49 Issue 12 Pages 1217-1224
In order to evaluate the correlation between sulfur amino acids (derived mainly form animal protein in the diet) and blood pressure, free amino acids, including sulfur amino acids such as taurine and methionine, were determined in the plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of twelve normotensive subjects and twelve patients with essential hypertension under nutritional control after at least 10 days of standard hospital diet (total calorie and protein content: 2100-2300 Cal per day and 78-83g per day, respectively). The results obtained were as follows: plasma taurine, serine, methionine and threonine were significantly lower in patients with essential hypertension than in normotensive patients. The levels of plasma taurine, serine, methionine and total sulfur amino acids in individuals correlated inversely to systolic blood pressure. No difference was observed in the CSF levels of free amino acids in normotensive and hypertensive patients. As taurine, methionine and serine are involved in the metabolism of sulfur amino acids, these observations support the view that the decrease in plasma sulfur amino acids may be a factor contributing to elevated blood pressure.