2019 Volume 1 Issue 4 Pages 171-178
Background: Left ventricular reverse remodeling (LVRR) is a favorable response in non-ischemic, non-valvular cardiomyopathy (NICM) patients. Recently, 18-lead body surface electrocardiography (ECG), the standard 12-lead ECG with synthesized right-sided/posterior chest leads, has been developed, but its predictive value for LVRR has not been evaluated.
Methods and Results: Of 216 consecutive hospitalized NICM patients with LV ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤35%, we studied 125 who received optimization of their heart failure treatment and had 18-lead ECG and echocardiography data available for evaluating LVRR, defined as an absolute increase in LVEF ≥10% concomitant with LVEF ≥35% after 1-year optimized treatment. Most 18-lead ECG parameters in the NICM patients differed from those in 312 age- and body mass index-matched subjects with normal echocardiography. LVRR occurred in 59 NICM patients and they had a larger QRS amplitude in the limb leads (I, II, aVR, and aVF), precordial leads (V3–V6), and synthesized leads (syn-V4R–5R), decreased QRS axis and duration, and lower prevalence of fragmented QRS than those without LVRR. The ECG score using 3 selected parameters (QRS amplitude in aVR ≥675 µV; QRS duration <106 ms without fragmentation; and QRS axis <67°) was associated with the incidence of LVRR even after adjusting for optimized treatment.
Conclusions: The standard 12-lead ECG parameters are sufficiently predictive of LVRR in NICM patients.