2019 年 1 巻 5 号 p. 206-211
Background:In persistent AF, the effect of adjunctive ablation in addition to PV isolation (PVI) is controversial. We considered a new modified PVI including complex fractionated atrial electrogram (CFAE) area.
Methods and Results:In 57 patients with persistent AF undergoing first ablation, CFAE were mapped before ablation and CFAE-guided extensive encircling PVI (CFAE-guided EEPVI) was performed. The PVI line was designed to include the CFAE area near PV or to cross the minimum cycle length points of the CFAE area near PV (CFAE-guided EEPVI group). The outcome was compared with conventional PVI in 34 patients with persistent AF (conventional PVI group). During a mean follow-up of 365±230 days after the first procedure, AF in 13 and atrial tachycardia (AT) in 9 patients recurred in the CFAE-guided EEPVI group, while only AF in 17 patients recurred in the conventional PVI group. Eight of 9 AT in the CFAE-guided EEPVI group were successfully ablated at second procedure. After first and second procedures, the recurrence of atrial tachyarrhythmia in the CFAE-guided EEPVI group was significantly reduced compared with the conventional PVI group (8 patients, 14% vs. 11 patients, 32%, respectively; P<0.01, log-rank test).
Conclusions:CFAE-guided EEPVI was more effective for persistent AF compared with conventional PVI after first and second procedures, because recurring AT as well as re-conduction of PV was successfully ablated.