2020 Volume 2 Issue 8 Pages 385-392
Background:The effectiveness of weight loss (WL) in preventing blood pressure (BP) elevation is common knowledge; however, the effect of sex differences is not known.
Methods and Results:Health checkup data from Kagoshima Kouseiren Medical Healthcare Center for middle-aged participants (40–49 years old) with mild obesity (body mass index [BMI] 25.0–29.9 kg/m2) who had examination data for 2 follow-up time-points (after 3 and 10 years) were analyzed. Propensity score (PS) matching using data from the first examination was used to match participants with a decrease in BMI ≥1.0 kg/m2at 3 years (WL group) with those with a BMI decrease <1.0 kg/m2or weight gain (non-WL group). BP values were compared after 3 and 10 years between the 2 groups, as was the prevalence of hypertension after 10 years. PS matching resulted in 232 men and 160 women in each group. Among women, systolic BP (SBP) and hypertension prevalence after 10 years were significantly lower in the WL than non-WL group (P<0.01 and P<0.05, respectively). There were no significant differences in SBP and hypertension prevalence after 10 years in men in the 2 groups.
Conclusions:There were sex differences in the effectiveness of WL in preventing future BP elevation in mildly obese middle-aged participants: WL prevented future BP elevation and hypertension onset in women, but not in men.