2021 年 3 巻 3 号 p. 142-152
Background:The clinical features of patients with cardiomyopathy, including dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), or restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM), have not been recently elucidated in Japan.
Methods and Results:We collected individual patient data regarding demographics, echocardiogram, and treatment in DCM from 2003 to 2014 and in HCM and RCM from 2009 to 2014 from the national registry of clinical personal records organized by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. In all, 44,136 patients were included in this registry: 40,537 with DCM, 3,553 with HCM, and 46 with RCM. The median age at diagnosis was older for DCM and HCM than RCM (54 and 55 vs. 42 years, respectively). Male patients accounted for 74.6%, 58.7%, and 60.9% of the DCM, HCM, and RCM groups, respectively. NYHA functional Class III–IV was found in 26.9%, 11.3%, and 58.1% of patients in the DCM, HCM, and RCM groups, respectively. In the DCM group, the rates of β-blocker and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker prescription were 69% and 76%, respectively. In regional subgroup analysis, the median age at diagnosis of DCM and HCM was younger in the Kanto region. A family history of HCM was less frequent in the Hokkaido/Tohoku region.
Conclusions:The national registry of clinical personal records of cardiomyopathy could provide important information regarding the demographics, clinical characteristics, and management of cardiomyopathy throughout Japan.