Rinsho Shinkeigaku
Online ISSN : 1882-0654
Print ISSN : 0009-918X
ISSN-L : 0009-918X
Invited Review
Cutting edge of diagnosis and treatment for chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) based on the EAN/PNS guideline 2021
Satoshi Kuwabara
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2024 Volume 64 Issue 5 Pages 321-325


Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is a most common chronic immune-mediated demyelinating neuropathy, and includes a number of clinical subtypes. The major phenotype is “typical CIDP”, which is characterized by symmetric polyneuropathy and “proximal and distal” muscle weakness. During the historical changes in the concept of CIDP, multifocal motor neuropathy, anti-myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) neuropathy, and autoimmune nodopathy have been excluded. Currently CIDP is considered as a syndrome including typical CIDP and CIDP variant such as distal CIDP and multifocal CIDP. In 2021, the international guideline of diagnosis and treatment for CIDP, European Academy of Neurology (EAN)/Peripheral Nerve Society (PNS) Guideline, was published. This review article introduces the putline of the guideline with medical-social situation in Japan. The diagnosis of CIDP is based on (1) phenotype of typical CIDP or variant, (2) electrophysiologic evidence of peripheral nerve demyelination, and (3) exclusion criteria. The first-line treatments are corticosteroids or immunoglobulin therapy, and plasma exchange should be considered if the 2 treatments were not effective sufficiently. This guideline recommends intravenous or subcutaneous immunoglobulin as a maintenance therapy, and suggests other immune-suppressive agents. In the near future, new treatment with biologics, such as monoclonal antibodies against neonatal Fc receptors, complements, and CD19/20 will be approved.

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© 2024 Japanese Society of Neurology

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