2012 Volume 55 Issue 2 Pages 93-102
The elderly have functional deterioration and pain in many parts of the body with aging, and have difficulty in putting on and taking off clothes. We analyzed the motion of 31 healthy elderly women (aged 70 to 85 years) and 29 young women (aged 20 to 34 years) putting on and taking off three kinds of short-sleeved shirts (a T-shirt, a polo shirt and a tank top), and investigated the influence of aging, the kind of clothes and maximal angles of the shoulder joints on the motion of putting on and taking off their shirts. The methods of putting on and taking off shirts were classified in three and four patterns, respectively. The pattern distribution differed between generations and different kinds of clothes in taking off but not putting on the shirts. In addition, one of the maximal angles of the shoulder joints (abduction) would be determinants in selecting the methods of taking off shirts in elderly women.