One new stilbenolignan, gnetucleistol F (1), and four known stilbenolignans, gnetofuran A (2), lehmbachol D (3), gnetifolin F (4) and gnetumontanin C (5) were isolated from the lianas of Gnetum cleistostachyum C. Y. CHENG (Gnetaceae). Their structures and relative configurations were determined by means of spectroscopic evidence. Compounds 1, 2, 3 and 4 were synthesized for the first time on the basis of their biogenetic pathway, and their possible biomimetical synthetic mechanisms were discussed. The pharmacological activities of all stilbenolignans have been tested. Among them, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 showed moderate inhibitory activities on TNF-α and 1 also showed potent inhibitory activity on malondialdehyde.
2006 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan