Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5223
Print ISSN : 0009-2363
ISSN-L : 0009-2363
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Development of a Dissolution Method for Gliclazide Modified-Release Tablets Using USP Apparatus 3 with in Vitro–in Vivo Correlation
Kerolayne de Castro BezerraEduardo Costa PintoLucio Mendes CabralValéria Pereira de Sousa
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2018 Volume 66 Issue 7 Pages 701-707


Gliclazide (GLZ) is a second generation hypoglycemic drug used for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The low solubility of GLZ has been described as the rate limiting step for drug dissolution and absorption, thus a prediction of its in vivo behavior based on a discriminative dissolution test should lead to a relevant in vitro–in vivo correlation (IVIVC). The aim of this study was to develop a dissolution method for GLZ modified-release (MR) tablets using an United States Pharmacopeia (USP) apparatus 3 through its evaluation by an IVIVC analysis. Various dissolution parameters were evaluated to establish an in vitro method for GLZ tablets. The final dissolution conditions, referred to as method 3, utilized a 400 µm mesh and 30 dips per minute over a total period of 10 h that included 1h in HCl media (pH 1.2), 2h in acetate buffer solution (pH 4.5), 1 h in phosphate buffer solution (PBS; pH 5.8), 5h in PBS (pH 6.8) and finally 1h in PBS (pH 7.2). The calculated point-to-point IVIVC (R2=0.9970) was significantly greater than other methods. The robustness of method 3 suggests it could be applied to pharmaceutical equivalence studies and for quality control analyses of GLZ.

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© 2018 The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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