Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Online ISSN : 1347-5223
Print ISSN : 0009-2363
ISSN-L : 0009-2363
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Imbuing an Old Heterocycle with the Power of Modern Catalysis: An Isoxazolidin-5-one Story
Hidetoshi Noda
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2021 年 69 巻 12 号 p. 1160-1169

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Isoxazolidin-5-ones have been regarded as β-amino acid surrogates owing to their labile N–O bond. While many efforts have been devoted to the catalytic enantioselective synthesis of the core of this heterocycle, its further transformation has been less explored, especially in the context of catalysis. This review summarizes the author’s research on the development of catalytic reactions using isoxazolidin-5-ones as substrates. Asymmetric catalysis has proven effective for C–C bond formation at the carbonyl α-carbon. Catalytic asymmetric allylation and direct Mannich-type reactions have been developed. Further, the resulting products have been readily converted into the corresponding quaternary β2,2-amino acids. Moreover, isoxazolidin-5-ones have been identified as alkyl nitrene precursors in the presence of a suitable metal catalyst. The generated metallonitrene undergoes either the electrophilic amination of the aromatic ring or aliphatic C–H insertion, affording a series of cyclic β-amino acids. A remarkable difference in chemoselectivity between rhodium and copper alkyl nitrenes has also been demonstrated, highlighting the unique nature of the underexplored reactive intermediates. The various linear and cyclic β-amino acids obtained through the study are likely to find great utility in a broad range of chemical sciences.

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