2021 Volume 69 Issue 8 Pages 741-746
Citrus-type crude drugs (CCDs) are commonly used to formulate decoctions in Kampo formula (traditional Japanese medicine). Our previous study reported metabolomic analyses for differentiation of the methanol extracts of Citrus-type crude drugs (CCDs) using ultra-HPLC (UHPLC)/MS, and 13C- and 1H-NMR. The present study expanded the scope of its application by analyzing four CCD water extracts (Kijitsu, Tohi, Chimpi, and Kippi); these CCDs are usually used as decoction ingredients in the Kampo formula. A principal component analysis score plot of processed UPLC/MS and NMR analysis data indicated that the CCD water extracts could be classified into three groups. The loading plots showed that naringin and neohesperidin were the distinguishing components. Three primary metabolites, α-glucose, β-glucose, and sucrose were identified as distinguishing compounds by NMR spectroscopy. During the preparation of CCD dry extracts, some compounds volatilized or decomposed. Consequently, fewer compounds were detected than in our previous studies using methanol extract. However, these results suggested that the combined NMR- and LC/MS-based metabolomics can discriminate crude drugs in dried water extracts of CCDs.