Preferential utilization of glucose and melibiose was investigated in wild type cells and in pts mutant (ptsI-leaky) cells of Salmonella typhimurium. A typical diauxic growth and preferential utilization of glucose over melibiose were observed in wild type cells when these two sugars were added as carbon source. Similar results were obtained with a pts mutant (SB1476) although utilization of glucose was slow. When cyclic adenosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) was added to the culture medium to release the catabolite repression, preferential utilization of glucose was still observed in wild type cells. With glucose-induced mutant cells, preferential utilization of glucose was observed in the presence of cAMP. Gradual utilization of melibiose took place when glucose concentration in the medium decreased. Surprisingly, preferential utilization of melibiose over glucose was observed with melibiose-induced and glucose-uninduced mutant cells in the presence of cAMP.
The Pharmaceutical Society of Japan