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Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Vol. 48 (2000) No. 11 P 1711-1719

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http://doi.org/10.1248/cpb.48.1711


From the MeOH extract of the aerial part of Vietnamese Orthosiphon stamineus, five new isopimarane-type diterpenes [orthosiphols F-J (1-5)] and two new diterpenes [staminols A (6) and B (7)] with a novel carbon-framework, to which we proposed the name "staminane", and three new highly-oxygenated staminane-type diterpenes [staminolactones A (8) and B (9) and norstaminol A (10)] were isolated. Moreover, staminolactone A (8) is 8, 14-secostaminane-type and staminolactone B (9) is 13, 14-secostaminane-type, while norstaminol A (10) is 14-norstaminen-type. Together with these new diterpenes, sixteen known compounds were also isolated and identified to be : 7, 3', 4'-tri-O-methylluteolin (11), eupatorin (12), sinensetin (13), 5-hydroxy-6, 7, 3'4'-tetramethoxyflavone (14), salvigenin (15), ladanein (16), tetramethylscutellarein (17), 6-hydroxy-5, 7, 4'-trimethoxyflavone (18), vomifoliol (19), aurantiamide acetate (20), rosmarinic acid (21), caffeic acid (22), oleanolic acid (23), ursolic acid (24), betulinic acid (25), and β-sitosterol (26). All the isolated compounds were tested for their cytotoxicity towards highly liver metastatic murine colon 26-L5 carcinoma cells, and the new diterpenes, except for 4, and flavonoids (11, 12, 16, 18) showed cytotoxicity with an ED^<50> value between 10 and 90 μg/ml.

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