2000 Volume 48 Issue 8 Pages 1190-1195
Two new ichthyotoxic compounds, aspidin PB (8) and dryofragin (9), along with three known phloroglucinol derivatives (1-3) and five terpenoids, were isolated from the whole herbs of Dryopteris fragrans by toxicity-directed fractionation using Oryzias latipes (Japanese name; medaka). The structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods including 2D NMR techniques. Amongst the isolates, aspidin PB (8), dry-ofragin (9), and 1-5 exhibited potent ichthyotoxic activity against medaka with a median tolerance limit (TLm after 24 h) of 1.2-4.3 μg/ml. These compounds which are toxic to fish also had a potent inhibitory effect on the activation of Epstein-Barr virus early-antigen (EBV-EA) induced by tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate, which is an in vitro short-term assay for anti-tumor promoting agents. Aspidin BB (2) and albicanol (4), which exhibited strong inhibitory effects on the EBV-EA activation, significantly suppressed an in vivo two-stage carcinogenesis on mouse skin.