CYTOLOGIA
Online ISSN : 1348-7019
Print ISSN : 0011-4545
Non-Linear Dose Response of a Few Plant Taxa to Acute Gamma Radiation
Jacinta T. GeorgeBehnaz B. PatelVinaya A. RaneP. Venu-BabuSusan EapenR. K. SinghalJessy PiusBhavna NarulaSunil Shankhadarwar
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JOURNALS OPEN ACCESS

2014 Volume 79 Issue 1 Pages 103-109

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Abstract

Micronuclei induction serves as an essential biomarker of radiation stress in a living system, and the simplicity of its detection technique has made it a widely used indicator of radiation damage. The present study was conducted to reveal the cytological dose–response of a few plant taxa, viz., Allium cepa var. aggregatum Linn., Allium sativum Linn., Chlorophytum comosum (Thunb.) Jacques and Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms, to low LET gamma radiation with special emphasis on the pattern of micronuclei induced across low and high dose regimes. A tri-phasic non-linear dose–response pattern was observed in the four taxa studied, characterised by a low dose linear segment, a plateau and a high dose linear segment. Despite a similar response trend, the critical doses where the phase transitions occurred varied amongst the plant taxa, giving an indication to their relative radiosensitivities. E. crassipes and A. sativum, with their lower critical doses for slope modifications of phase transitions, were concluded as being more radiosensitive as compared to C. comosum and A. cepa, which had relatively higher critical doses.

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© 2014 The Japan Mendel Society
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