2017 Volume 82 Issue 4 Pages 337-339
A padlock probe is a circularized oligonucleotide containing complementary sequences of target regions. Padlock probes combined with rolling-circle amplification enable fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to reproducibly detect the genomic position of low or single-copy DNA sequences. The FISH with padlock probes revealed that a plant gene cluster of tandemly arrayed three paralogues responsible for photosynthesis rapidly moved from the interior subnuclear region to the peripheral subnuclear region in response to light. Using a pair of peptide nucleic acids as a double-strand opener for the target region, the efficiency of FISH with padlock probes at the detection of a single-copy genomic region was much improved. FISH with padlock probes will give us reliable data of dynamics, arrangement and position of a specific single locus in both the nucleus and the condensed chromosomes.