Journal of Environment and Safety
Online ISSN : 2186-3725
Print ISSN : 1884-4375
ISSN-L : 1884-4375
Research Papers
Fire experiment using a building to be demolished and application to fire prevention education
Kengo TomitaRumiko HayashiTadashi NishikimiTaiji MishinaShizuaki Murata
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2017 Volume 8 Issue 3 Pages 91-100

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Abstract

Since many fire accidents have occurred at universities conducting experimental research, the necessity of fire prevention education is increasing. In this research, in order to develop teaching materials and methods for more effective fire prevention education, an actual fire experiment simulating fire from the laboratory was conducted utilizing a building to be demolished in the university. Using video cameras and temperature sensors installed in various places in the building,we visually confirmed that (1) the smoke reached the normal human respiration area and the view was also obstructed by smoke in about three minutes after the ignition, (2) the smoke generated inside the room spread to the corridor, the staircase and the upper floor, (3) the temperatures rose with the smoke flow, (4) the smoke diffusion blocked by room door and fire door and (5) the fire door closed in conjunction with the sensor of the fire alarm. Based on the lesson learned by this experiment, all of the video films were compiled to develop the safety education videos for fire protection and emergency response. They have been used for recent lectures and seminars for chemical substances and fire countermeasures conducted in the university and higher educational effects can be expected.

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© 2017 Academic Consociation of Environmental Safety and Waste Management,Japan
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