2001 年 2001 巻 11 号 p. 30-42
In the beginning of“Odour of Chrysanthemums”are presented three significant elements. Firstly, the relationship between nature and civilization is not a simple opposition. The origin of civilization is inherent in nature itself. Secondly, mechanical civilization has been brought about by the exploitation of nature which is implied in the description of the gardens. Thirdly, the relationship of people in the mining country is built up in the network of anonymous people who merely perform their roles in the mines and at home.
These three aspects are developed in the succeeding part of the text which demonstrates two facts: nature and civilization are not opposed to each other but deeply intricated and interdependent; the transition from country to town transforms the human relationships.“Odour of Chrysanthemums”shows the invalidity of the attempt at applying the simple dualistic views such as nature and culture to the texts by D. H. Lawrence.