This study compared the fracture strengths and analyzed the failure types of direct, surface-retained, anterior fixed-partial-dentures (FPD), reinforced with four types of fiber-reinforced composites (FRC) versus non-fiber-reinforced FPDs made of three particulate filler composites (PFC). To this end, surface-retained anterior FPDs (N=70, 10 per group) were prepared and divided into seven experimental groups, where Group 1: FRC1 (everStick)+PFC1 (Clearfil Photo Posterior); Group 2: FRC2 (BR 100)+PFC1; Group 3: FRC3 (Interling)+PFC1; Group 4: FRC4 (Ribbond)+PFC1; Group 5: PFC1 only; Group 6: PFC2 only (Sinfony); and Group 7: PFC3 only (Estenia). Fracture strength test was performed after water storage at 37°C for three days (universal testing machine, 1 mm/min). No significant differences were found among the four FRC types veneered with PFC1 (1490±548—1951±335 N) (p<0.05) (ANOVA, Tukey′s test). Among all the experimental groups, PFC1 presented a significantly higher mean value (2061±270 N) than PFC2 (1340±395 N) (p<0.05) and all the other FRC-reinforced groups (p<0.05). Complete pontic fracture was 100% and 70% for PFC2 and PFC3 respectively.
2008 The Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices