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Dental Materials Journal
Vol. 29 (2010) No. 6 P 673-681



Original Papers

To date, there has been no study on the development of novel regimens based on the following tissue engineering principles: seeding and culturing mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on a scaffold before surgery or injecting cultured MSCs into a scaffold during surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the in vivo osteogenic ability of scaffold/MSCs implanted beneath the periosteum of the cranial bone of rats in three different sample groups: one in which MSCs were pre-seeded and cultured on a scaffold to produce the 3-D woven fabric scaffold/MSC composite using osteo-lineage induction medium, one in which cultured MSCs produced by osteo-lineage induction in cell cultivation flasks were injected into a scaffold during surgery and a control group, in which only the 3-D woven fabric scaffold was implanted. The results indicate that pre-seeding MSCs on a scaffold leads to a higher osteogenic ability than injecting cultured MSCs into a scaffold during surgery.

Copyright © 2010 The Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices

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