Dental Materials Journal
Online ISSN : 1881-1361
Print ISSN : 0287-4547
ISSN-L : 0287-4547
Original Paper
In vitro assessment of a calcium-fluoroaluminosilicate glass-based desensitizer for the prevention of root surface demineralization
Hiroyuki MIYAJIMATakuya ISHIMOTOSai MAJihua CHENTakayoshi NAKANOSatoshi IMAZATO
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2016 Volume 35 Issue 3 Pages 399-407

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of a calcium-fluoroaluminosilicate glass-based desensitizer (Nanoseal) to protect against root demineralization in vitro. Nanoseal was applied to human root dentin, which was immersed in acidic buffer for 72 h, or exposed to pH cycling by immersing in distilled water or mineralizing solution for 24 h intermediately during 48 h-acid attack. Demineralization was evaluated by μ-CT, and mineral loss (ML) and lesion depth (LD) were determined from mineral density profiles. ML and LD in all treatment groups were significantly smaller compared with control. The Nanoseal-treated group with pH cycling using mineralizing solution had the lowest ML and LD. Analysis using an EPMA demonstrated calcium and phosphorous were incorporated into the superficial layer of specimens in the Nanoseal-treated groups, suggesting Nanoseal modified the dentin surface, making it resistant to demineralization. Application of Nanoseal is an effective method for protecting root from demineralization.

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© 2016 The Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices
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