2010 Volume 25 Issue 3 Pages 290-297
The cynomolgus monkey is used to study drug metabolism because of its evolutionary closeness to humans. Despite their importance, regional distribution of cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes including CYP3As in the liver and small intestine, the major sites of drug metabolism, has not been fully investigated in cynomolgus monkeys. In this study, we measured mRNA expression levels of 14 CYPs in the CYP1, 2, and 3 subfamilies, including orthologs of human CYP3A4 and CYP3A5, in the liver and small intestine of cynomolgus monkeys. Expression levels of each CYP mRNA in various regions of the liver were quantified and comparisons were made between the right lobe, quadrate lobe, left medial lobe, left lateral lobe, and caudate lobe and with four different sections of the right lobe. In the small intestine, the same mRNAs were measured in the duodenum and six different sections from the proximal jejunum to the distal ileum. Expression levels of the CYP mRNAs were not substantially different between liver samples, but varied between the different sections of the small intestine, including CYP3A4. These results suggest that analysis of distinct sections is required for a better understanding of cynomolgus monkey CYPs in the small intestine.
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