生物環境調節
Online ISSN : 2185-1018
Print ISSN : 0582-4087
培養器の換気回数と光合成有効光量子束の大小が培養器内二酸化炭素濃度とイチゴ培養小植物体の生長に及ぼす影響
古在 豊樹関本 克宏
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ジャーナル フリー

1988 年 26 巻 1 号 p. 21-29

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Effects of the number of air changes per hour of the closed vessel (1.5 and 2.7 h-1) and the photosynthetic photon flux (PPF, 34.3 and 133 μmol m-2s-1) on the CO2concentration inside the vessel (Cin) and the growth of strawberry plantlets in vitro were investigated.
Cin during the photoperiod was lower than CO2outside the vessel (Cout, inside the culture room) on 5 days after the start of experiments in all treatments. On 20 days after the start of experiments, Cinwas lower than Cout (350-400 ppm) by 100-300 ppm. The difference in CO2concentration between inside and outside was relatively larger in the higher PPF treatment and in the larger number of air changes per hour treatment.
On 20 days after the start of experiments, the dry weight of the plantlet was larger in the higher PPF treatment than in the lower PPF treatment. However, the difference in the dry weight was not so large among the treatments, comparing with the large differences in Cinamong the treatments.
Relative growth rate, chlorophyll content, net photosynthetic rate, dark respiration rate etc. were estimated to explain the relatively small difference in the dry weight among the treatments. Furthermore, suggestions were made to improve the environment in the vessel further for promoting the plantlet growth.

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