1965 年 20 巻 p. 127-140,en199
The population of highly educated women is increasing but there are many problems on the reconcilement of family and professional life. As housekeeping and childrearing are usually considered to be the women's duty in family life, married women in the profession have to do twofold work, namely housekeeping and that of their profession. It is difficult for them to continue this twofold work. Especially, it is an important problem for them to know how the employment of a mother affects her children in their mental health, the conclusion, however, is not yet definitive. And, many of them are obliged to give up their profession after having children.
It seems to be an urgent issue to establish the conditions, under which the profession and the maternal duties are reconciled. Part-time employment, and extended maternity leave are considered to be ways that are helpful to the solution of this problem, but they themselves involve many issues.