1965 年 20 巻 p. 141-155,en200
There are many research findings on the determining factors involved in enrollment or attendance at educational institutions. Generally speaking, the rate of enrollment in a given society is determined by the interaction between two analytical units. They are (A) the number of the applicants which is the output of the families and (B) enrollment policy taken by the educational administration authorities. This paper attempts to show that the rate of enrollment could be explained systematically if we consider both (A) and (B) as a kind of social action.
According to a general theory of action by Talcott Parsons and others, the components of social action are (1) a generalized goal or values (2) norms (8) mobilization of motivation (4) situational facilities. They stand in a hierachy which (1) values stand highest, (4) situational facilities lowest. Logically or theoretically any redefinition of a component of social action necessarily makes for a readjustment in those components below it, but not necessarily in those above it.
By surveying the research literature which was relevant to each of these sets of variables involved in enrollment, we found it is very useful to take these components of social action as intervening variables between enrollment and other social variables.