1967 年 22 巻 p. 18-36,en215
Many junior and senior high school graduates are flowing into big industrial areas such as Tokyo, Osoka and Kanagawa, as labor force from rural areas in Tohoku and Kyushu every year. This article tries to bring to light the process by which such youth adjust themselves to their new life and form a stable system of life, based mainly on the result of the survey administered to 1, 435 male young workers aged 16 to 24 in the small and medium sized enterprises in the City of Kawasaki, Kanagawa Prefecture.
The article consists of four parts:(1) Part I analyses the functions of formal mechanisms to help the young workers adjust themselves to their new life, in terms of vocational guidance at school, labor management by each enterprise, and provisions for youth in the local communities.(2) Part II grasps the process of adjustment as that of formation of a stable system of life, i.e. life structure. Such process, the principal part of which is concerned with human relations, is analysed for each of the two types of groups, membership group and reference group.(3) Part III examines the process of adjustment from the point of consciousness and attitude of the youth toward their present life, i.e. their plan for the future, the extent to which they are satisfied with their life, and desire to change their occupations.(4) In the last and fourth part, some of the policy tasks which can be drawn from the results of the survey are presented.
It can be concluded from the above analyses that the formal mechanisms to assist in the adjustment is not functioning sufficiently, leaving many of the young workers in the state of maladjustment to their present life. If such situation is to be improved, further efforts are repuired of schools, enterprises, and local communities.